All Hess toys are hand-made in Germany under environmentally friendly conditions and using only carefully selected materials. The toys are made from high-quality European wood (such as beech and maple) from renewable resources. All paints and stains are water-based and 100% non-toxic and saliva-resistant. All other materials used such as strings, elastics and glues are also non-toxic and child-safe. Any metal parts such as clips and bells are nickel free. Hess toys fully comply with European and Australian Safety Standards for Toys.